UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres wants the death of a father and a son from Sathankulam in Tamil Nadu while in police custody with alleged signs of torture investigated, according to his Spokesperson Stephane Dujarric.
"Every death of all these cases as a principle need to be fully investigated," Dujarric said on Friday when he was asked about the deaths of P Jayaraj and his son J Bennix, allegedly due to torture by police after their arrest on June 19.
Human rights organisations have called for ensuring police accountability in India.
Human Rights Watch South Asia Director Meenakshi Ganguly said, "As the world responds with horror at the killing of George Floyd, it is important for authorities in India to also embark upon robust efforts to ensure police reform, accountability, and putting an end to the culture of impunity."
The killing of Floyd by police in Minneapolis has sparked a nation-wide movement in the US that has brought out into the open long-standing tradition of police brutality against minorities. The protests have spread to several countries around the world leading to an examination of police conduct, particularly towards minorities, and demands for reforms to end impunity.
Ganguly said about the Sathankulam case, "Despite numerous court directives and arrest procedures, the two recent deaths in Tamil Nadu has exposed yet again how police officers believe not only that they have the right to 'teach someone a lesson', but as was reported in the magistrate's inquiry, that they will not be held accountable."
Amnesty International India Executive Director Avinash Kumar said, "The deaths of Jayaraj and Bennix once again signal towards India's continuing failure to hold its police accountable."
He noted that "according to the 2018 National Crimes Record Bureau data, Tamil Nadu accounted for the second highest deaths in custody".
"The Tamil Nadu State government cannot continue to turn a blind eye to the torture meted out by its police officers. It must show firm resolve by punishing the police officers involved and ensuring that Jayaraj and Bennix's families get justice."
Although torture has been outlawed in international law for over three decades, they are still not recognized as distinct crimes under Indian law, he said.
"India signed the UN Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment in 1997, but has not yet passed domestic legislation that will enable it to ratify the Convention," he said.
The Prevention of Torture Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in 2010 but has lapsed without the Rajya Sabha passing it.
The arrest of Jayaraj and Bennix, who ran a mobile phone shop, was reportedly related to the COVID-19 regulations on store closings.
They were taken to jail in Kovilpatti and Jayaraj died on June 21 and his son the next morning with signs of torture.
Merchants in Tamil Nadu held a one-day protest and there were other sporadic protests in Tamil Nadu but demonstrations were dampened by COVID-19 restrictions.
The Madras High Court had ordered an inquiry by the CB CID and five police personnel were charged and five others arrested.
The case has now been handed over to the CBI which has begun investigations.