The situation continues to look bleak for the Indian IT sector, which relies heavily on H-1B visas to send its employees to the US. According to law firm Fragomen, the US Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is considering imposing new regulations, which, if they come into effect, would significantly affect how visas are procured.
However, these regulations would not take effect until they are finalised, which may be in late October next year, noted Fragomen.
In the update, Fragomen mentions that the DHS may revive a rule that was proposed in 2011, which âwould require H-1B petitioners to pre-register for the H-1B cap lottery and to submit cap petitions only after they have won cap numbers.â
The update adds that in line with US President Donald Trumpâs âBuy American, Hire Americanâ order, DHS plans to propose a priority system for allocation of H-1B cap numbers, which would give priority to the most highly paid and highly skilled. The DHS also wants to âincrease focus on obtaining the best and brightest foreign nationals.â
According to the Times of India, Scott J Fitzgerald, a partner at Fragomen said that these changes are not scheduled to be announced until February next year. These changes usually take several months to process, and that these changes wonât go into effect in time for the upcoming cap, which is in April 2018.
âThis would be a real disaster for many companies as they either may not need to file cases already prepared (if there is a new "pre-registration" system) or they may not want to file many such cases, as many would be very unlikely to be selected under the new selection system," Scott told TOI.
The Fragomen update also included one key development that has left many people hanging â proposed modifications to the regulations of the H-4 visa holders, due to which H-4 spouses may not be able to apply for employment. The H-4 visa, a dependent visa used by spouses of H-1B visa holders, were not allowed to work till 2015, till the Barack Obama administration changed it. Over 41,000 H-4 visa holders were issued work authorization in 2016. According to Quartz, one in four applications were sent back for between January and August via ârequests for further evidence.â
In further deterrents to Indian IT companies to send their employees abroad including an increase in wage limit, doubling of visa fees and more.