A total sum of Rs 35,519 crore of motor insurance claims were settled during 2018-19 by Indian general insurance companies while the gross underwritten premium was Rs 64,522.35 crore, the Insurance Information Bureau of India said on Tuesday.
In its annual report on motor insurance for fiscal 2018-19, the Bureau said that Rs 35,519 crore of motor claims -- comprising Rs 18,262 crore towards vehicle damage and Rs 14,257 crore for third party liability -- were settled during 2018-19.
According to the report, motor insurance continues to be the biggest line of business for the general insurers with nearly 40% share of the gross underwritten premium, at Rs 64,522.35 crore with a growth rate of 9% for FY 2018-19. Six states -- Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat and Delhi -- contribute nearly 50% of the total policies and claims.
Uninsured vehicles as a percentage of vehicles on Indian roads for FY19 remained at a high of 57% and in 15 states, more than 60% of the vehicles were uninsured, thus showing a slight increase over the previous financial year.
According to the report, the average settlement amount for death claims during fiscal 2018-19 was Rs 901,207 and for injury claims it was Rs 251,094 which showed an increase over FY 2017-18.
The highest average for death claims was in Kerala, at Rs 12,13,671 and lowest in Bihar at Rs 614,306. According to the Insurance Information Bureau, all the claims reported and settled during 2018-19 have been considered for the report. This includes the settled claims from current as well as previous accident years which are settled in 2018-19.
For 2018-19, 3.25 lakh third party claims were reported and nearly 3.05 lakh third party claims were fully settled.
The incurred amount for the reported claims during 2018-19 was Rs 14,257 crore.
Generally, the Union Territories and the southern states have a high average as compared to other states. The lag in reporting and settlement of third party claims remained constant in comparison to the previous two financial years. The number of policies and total premium distribution for FY19 was very similar to the previous financial year.
As many as 69% of the own damage or vehicle damage premium is derived from private cars, two-wheelers contribute 11%, goods carriers contribute 11% and passenger carriers contribute 5%.
In case of total premium, private cars contributed 43%, two-wheelers 12%, goods carriers contribute 28%, passenger carriers contribute 12% and the rest is from others.
For the period under review, the uninsured vehicles stood at 57% of total vehicles on road logging a 3% growth over 2017-18.
The bulk of the uninsured vehicles are two-wheelers with the un-insured being as high as 66%, the report said.
There were 15 states which had uninsured vehicles to the extent of more than 60%.
For 2018-19, 72 lakh own damage claims were reported and nearly 60 lakh of the total reported claims were fully settled (excluding repudiation and closed without payment).