Republican candidate Donald Trump has won the US presidential election in a close contest, beating Democrat Hillary Clinton by a significant margin. Trump has been a controversial figure throughout the election with his statements on immigration, relationship with Russia, nuclear policy and so on.
Here is a lowdown on five things Trump said during the run up to the polls, which indicate what the United Statesâ€™ upcoming foreign policy would look like:
Trump drew ire from various quarters due to his controversial remarks on immigration including the suggestion to build a wall on the Mexican-US border. He even said that he planned to make the Mexicans pay for this wall by â€śthreatening to cut off the flow of billions of dollars in payments that immigrants send homeâ€ť, according to The Washington Post.
In a two-page memo to the publication, Trump said that â€śimmigration is a privilege, not a rightâ€ť, going on to explain how Mexico is â€śtotally dependentâ€ť on the US as a â€śrelease valve for its own povertyâ€ť, which America can use as leverage. He also proposed to increase the VISA fees as a means to pay for the 1000-mile border wall, the estimated cost of which is ÂŁ22 billion.
He has spoken about mass deportations - as many as 11 million unregistered immigrants - but has since softened his position, saying he is not looking to â€śhurt peopleâ€ť.
Interestingly, shortly before the election was called in Trumpâ€™s favour, The Independent reported that the Canadian immigration website had crashed due to the influx of people looking to leave the country with Trumpâ€™s win eminent.
2. On Muslims and Islamic State
In another extreme statement, Trump also called for â€śa total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United Statesâ€ť, and argued that anyone who practiced Islam should be seen as a potential threat.
In various interviews, Trump spoke about the objective to eradicate the Islamic state by â€śknocking the hell out of themâ€ť and that the current approach was only â€śhitting them once in a whileâ€ť.
Highlighted on Trumpâ€™s website is his plan to â€śdefeat ISISâ€ť. It entails working with â€śArab allies and friends in the Middle Eastâ€ť, defeating ISISâ€™ ideology like they won the Cold War, establishing â€śnew screening proceduresâ€ť, reinforcing immigration laws and temporarily suspending â€śimmigration from some of the most dangerous and volatile regions of the worldâ€ť with a history of â€śexporting terrorismâ€ť, among other things.
3. On nuclear weapons
Trumpâ€™s stance on nuclear weapons seems to be in line with the no first use policy without being particularly restrictive.
In an interview to New York Times he said: â€śBiggest problem, to me, in the world, is nuclear, and proliferation.â€ť He added that it should be the â€śabsolute last stepâ€ť. However, Trump ruled out taking nuclear weapons off the table completely. In an interview with the Today show he said while he would be the last person to use nuclear weapons, he would â€śnever rule it outâ€ť.
He has also spoken about how the American military is in a bad shape and he wants to make it powerful again. â€śWe have a military thatâ€™s severely depleted. We have nuclear arsenals which are in very terrible shape. They donâ€™t even know if they work,â€ť Trump told NYT. He told the GQ magazine that he would make the American military â€śso strong and powerful, and respectedâ€ť that they wouldnâ€™t have to use nuclear weapons.
4. On Indo-US ties
Trump had said at a Republican Hindu Coalition fundraiser that the â€śIndian and Hindu community will have a true friend in the White Houseâ€ť if he became president and that he looked forward to working with Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Trumpâ€™s stance on Pakistan could possibly be beneficial to India: he said in March that India is a check to Pakistan. â€śYou have to get India involved. They have their own nukes, they have a very powerful army. They seem to be the real checkmate,â€ť he told Tolo News, according to NDTV. He also favoured the continued presence of the American army in Afghanistan to prevent Pakistanâ€™s nuclear weapons from falling into wrong hands.
Economic relations with the US may undergo changes as per Elizabeth Rocheâ€™s analysis in Livemint, given that Trump sees India in the same category as China â€“ an economic competitor. But with Trump promising to decrease corporate tax rate to 15% from 39%, Indian investors looking to tap into the American market may stand to make gains.
However, what remains to be seen is how India will stand to gain or lose from Trumpâ€™s immigration policy.
5. On relationship with Russia
Trump seems to be looking to work more closely with Russia, especially when it comes to defeating the Islamic State. He even praised Putin at various instances, often dismissing American intel that Russia was behind massive cyber-hacking operations in the US and other Western countries.
In an interview for On The Issues, he said that he would support NATO but wanted other European countries to take charge; and that he was â€śnot a fanâ€ť for the US being against Russia. He also expressed support for Russian occupation and aggression in Syria. â€śIf Putin wants to go and knock the hell out of ISIS, I am all for it, 100%â€ť he said.