Did Vajpayee ask ABVP to apologise for arson attacks during Emergency in return for democracy?
Did Vajpayee ask ABVP to apologise for arson attacks during Emergency in return for democracy?

Did Vajpayee ask ABVP to apologise for arson attacks during Emergency in return for democracy?

Vajpayee kept the channels of communication open with the government during the Emergency.

By Ullekh NP

On the wintry 31 December evening of 1976 when Ram Bahadur Rai, then the general Secretary of the ABVP, called on Vajpayee at the latter’s 1 Feroze Shah Road residence, he was treated to a warm cup of tea. Rai had paid the visit in haste and concern because he had heard some news: Om Mehta, minister of state for home, personnel and parliamentary affairs in Indira Gandhi’s government, had met Vajpayee. He knew nothing else, and wanted to confirm the news.

‘Is it true, Vajpayeeji, that Om Mehta came to meet you?’ Rai asked.

Pat came the reply: ‘No. He is a big shot. He didn’t come to meet me. I went to meet him.’

Rai, now the president of the board of trustees of the Indira Gandhi National Centre for Arts, was stunned. He couldn’t believe that his leader had gone to meet a Congress minister who was considered far more powerful than even the Union home minister, Brahmananda Reddy, all thanks to his great rapport with Mrs Gandhi.

The young ABVP leader was silent for a while, and then asked Vajpayee about the outcome of the meeting with Mehta.

After a brief silence, Vajpayee spoke about the arson and destruction of public property in many parts of the country by miscreants, and told Rai that it was time for the ABVP to own up to its mistakes and tender an apology before the ruling government could start thinking of repealing the Emergency laws[1].

Suppressing his fury, Rai denied that it was ABVP workers who unleashed violence. ‘That is untrue and there is no question of us apologising even if we have to go to jail,’ Rai replied emphatically.

Vajpayee took umbrage and whispered that it was easy for people like Rai to make such bold statements while older people like him preferred a democratic set-up. ‘We also want elections and democracy,’ Rai submitted. The meeting was over.

The ABVP did not apologize. As luck would have it, the Emergency was called off three months later.  

That day, Rai, who later become the editor of Jansatta, realized that Vajpayee had a public persona very different from his real one. It dawned on him how easily Vajpayee adapted to new political realities, and how ambitious he was as a politician. He may have been a liberal leader, but he didn’t factor in ideology much in his decisions, Rai concluded.

There are those within the Sangh who feel that Deoras’s approach to Mrs Gandhi during the twenty-two months of the Emergency had a lot to do with Vajpayee’s own position—to lie low rather than fight at a time of major crisis. Interestingly, this was in line with the RSS position even earlier, whenever it faced a ban. It is an altogether different matter that many sevaks suffered under the Emergency, but the leadership, especially Vajpayee and Deoras, kept the channels of communication with the government open, and was ready to yield to any compromise package (such as the one he told Rai about) to kick-start a return to democracy.

No wonder well-known journalist Prabhash Joshi, who had keenly watched the developments during the Emergency, once wrote, ‘You can decipher a line of action, a pattern [by the RSS whenever it is in trouble]. Even during Emergency, many among the RSS and Jana Sangh [leaders] who came out of the jails gave mafinamas [apologies]. They were the first to apologise. So why is the BJP trying to appropriate that memory?’

At the same time, a section of Sangh insiders looked down upon Vajpayee as a laid-back, fun-loving yet ambitious leader who didn’t worry much about organizational matters or about ideology, which demanded anti-Congressism and aggressive Hindutva posturing. For these insiders, he was merely an orator who wrestled his way up the organization because of his popularity outside. They would also accuse him of plotting to denigrate his opponents within the Sangh. The likes of Rai recall that he used to dictate stories and op-eds to editors of the Organiser and Panchjanya to create bad opinion about his party rivals. Crushing his rivals came easy for him. So did maintaining the public persona of a moderate, a sheep among wolves. But it was precisely this image that the RSS repeatedly referred to as his ‘utility’[2].

And this celebrated ‘utility’ was on display for all to see at public meetings and poll campaigns.

Excerpted with the permission of Penguin Viking from “The Untold Vajpayee” by Ullekh NP.

You can buy the book here.

[1] In fact, as part of a ruse to checkmate the Opposition, the ruling government had fudged crime and destruction statistics during the Emergency.


[2] Author’s interview with Ram Bahadur Rai.


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