Ruling out the development of Amaravati as a world-class greenfield city, the Boston Consultancy Group (BCG) has endorsed Andhra Pradesh government's proposal for three state capitals.
BCG, in its report submitted to Chief Minister Y S Jagan Mohan Reddy in Amaravati on Friday, backed shifting of some of the capital functions from Amaravati to Visakhapatnam and Kurnool as mooted by Jagan in the state Assembly last month. This is the second report backing the government's proposal, as earlier, decentralising the capital was recommended by an expert committee led by retired bureaucrat G N Rao.
The latest report by the world-renowned consultancy was submitted amid protests by farmers in Amaravati, demanding that it be developed as the only state capital.
BCG stated in its report that in the absence of a starting point, greenfield cities require significant investment and have long gestation periods.
The report noted that multi-billion dollar investments are required for a world-class city. Global benchmarks suggest that investments of $0.5-1 billion+ per 10,000 population are required and new cities take 30-60 years to reach that scale.
"Many green field cities conceived over the last 50 years have had difficulties achieving the vision," it said, virtually debunking the idea of then Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu, who had picked Amaravati in 2015 as the state capital and planned to develop it as a world-class city.
Stating that the location of the capital alone is not enough to drive economic momentum for a region, BCG pointed out that as per the Amaravati master plan, over Rs 1 lakh crore is needed to build the core infrastructure of the city.
"A substantial portion of this will need to be funded by debt. Servicing cost will be around Rs 8,000-10,000 crore per annum. The state already has Rs 2.25 lakh crore debt on its book," it said.
Technical studies suggest that the area up to 5 km from the riverfront is highly prone to flooding and is not recommended for construction, it said.
To ensure the development of Amaravati region, BCG suggested developing it as an education hub, food and fisheries hub and hi-tech organic agriculture hub.
Backing the distributed capital model suggested by the state government, BCG noted that countries/states consider distributed capitals to address regional aspirations, enabling ease of coordination between government bodies, minimise cost of capital set-up and enabling ease of citizen access to government services. It cited the examples of Germany and South Korea.
Dividing the state into six regions -- North coastal Andhra, Godavari Delta, Krishna Delta, Dakshin Andhra, West Rayalaseema and East Rayalaseema -- the consultancy suggested development themes for each of them.
The BCG report along with the expert panel's report will now be further analysed by a high-power committee for a final decision on the state's development plan, including capital development.
The 16-member high-power committee comprising ministers and senior officials was constituted earlier this week.