With sixth satellite launch, ISRO all set to give India its own navigation system

After the launch, ISRO will be able to provide navigation 24 hours a day, with an accuracy of 20 metres
With sixth satellite launch, ISRO all set to give India its own navigation system
With sixth satellite launch, ISRO all set to give India its own navigation system
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Indian Space agency ISRO's sixth navigation satellite IRNSS-1F is all set to be launched on board trusted workhorse PSLV C32 on Thursday at 4 pm.

The 54-and-half hour countdown began on Wednesday soon after the Mission Readiness Review Committee and Launch Authorisation Board cleared it and currently, it was "progressing normal", ISRO officials said.

Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle-C32 on its 34th mission would launch the IRNSS-1F, aimed at providing navigation accurately on par with the US-based Global Positioning System (GPS), from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre at the spaceport of Sriharikota about 110 km from Chennai.

For the past few months, scientists at the organization are planning to move away from the American Global Positioning System (GPS) to make way for a home-grown navigation system titled the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS). 

ISRO, to provide independent regional navigation satellite system on par with GPS, had launched five navigation satellites under the IRNSS.

While four satellites would be sufficient to start operations of the IRNSS system, the remaining three would make it more "accurate and efficient", an ISRO official said.

"With the launch of four satellites, we were able to provide navigation for 18 hours. But after fifth launch we increased the capacity to 24 hours with an accuracy of 20 metres. The sixth IRNSS-1F and seventh launch (IRNSS-1G) will be accurate and more efficient," an ISRO official told PTI.

The five satellites already launched are IRNSS-1A on July 1, 2013, IRNSS-1B on April 4, 2014, IRNSS-1C on October 16, 2014, IRNSS-1D on March 28, 2015 and IRNSS-1E on January 20, 2016.

The satellites receive a signal from car and phone navigation systems via an antenna, which pin points to the location of the object. Following this, the object’s speed and direction is identified by the satellites with sensors and the information obtained, is run through an existing database of maps following which the person gets the recommended route.

ISRO also plans to provide a high-end encrypted version of the service, meant only for authorised users such as the armed forces, for tracking ships and air routes. 

ISRO scientists plan to put all seven navigation satellites into orbit by March 2016. The last in the series is expected to be launched by the end of this month.

For the IRNSS-1F launch, scientists have used the "XL" variant used in previous launches of IRNSS satellites, given its capacity to carry load.

Similar occasions where rocket with XL configuration were used were during launch of Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission, ASTROSAT besides the five IRNSS satellites.

Along with the navigation payload and ranging payload, the satellite also carries a "highly accurate Rubidium atomic clock" with it. The payload will transmit navigation service signals to the users.

The 44.4 metre tall IRNSS-1F has a liftoff mass of 1,425 kg and would be launched in sub-Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (sub GTO). It has a 12 year mission life.

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