The Lok Sabha on Wednesday, December 1, moved the Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill which proposes the establishment of a national registry and registration authority for all clinics and medical professionals serving in the field. Moving the Bill for consideration and passage in the Lok Sabha, Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya said it was tabled in Parliament in September 2020, and the Lower House had referred it to a standing committee. Many suggestions came from the standing committee and the government considered them, he said. The standing committee's report on the Bill was submitted in March this year.
The Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill, 2020 seeks for the regulation and supervision of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) clinics and ART banks, prevention of misuse, safe and ethical practice of ART services and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto, be taken into consideration. "Many such ART clinics have been running in the country without regulation. A need was felt for regulation of such clinics as there are implications on the health of those who undertake the procedure," Mandaviya said.
Initiating a debate on the Bill, Congress MP Karti Chidambaram said this law is â€śVictorianâ€ť as it is not all encompassing. â€śIt excludes those who cannot afford this expensive procedure for a baby and the government should consider supporting poor, childless parents for taking ART's help,â€ť Chidambaram said. He also suggested that the government consider including people from the LGBTQIA+ community in the Bill's ambit.
BJP's Heena Gavit said the Bill seeks to set minimum standards and codes of conduct for fertility clinics and egg or sperm banks. It also proposes stringent punishment for those practising sex selection and sale of human embryos or gametes.
She said that about 80% of ART clinics are not registered and that the Bill would ensure strict adherence to guidelines. "Ensuring confidentiality of commissioning couples, women and donors will also be done under the aegis of this proposal of the Cabinet. The Bill also has a provision that those involved in trafficking and sale of embryos will be fined Rs 10 lakh in the first instance and in the second instance, the person can be imprisoned for up to 12 years," she added.
Speaking on the Bill, Dastidar, herself a specialist in the field, said experts should be involved at every level to monitor the bill's provisions. She also said "banks" under the Bill should be abolished, unless they are associated with labs.
YSRCP's B Venkata Satyavathi said that while she and her party supported the Bill, there are only six IVF centres in the government sector, while thousands exist in the private sector.
JD(U)'s Alok Kumar Suman contended that the cost of the procedure should be effectively monitored so that even the poor can avail its services.
BSP's Sangeeta Azad and TMC's Dastidar both raised the issue of exclusion of single parents and the LGTBQ community from using this procedure. "They have a right to be parents too," both said.
Welcoming the Bill, NCP's Supriya Sule said that besides couples, there are a cross-section of people in this country who want to have a child, especially the LGBTQ community and single men. She said that because of the Adoption Regulations of 2017, single men cannot adopt a girl child, and that is why they can not avail this Bill's benefits.
During the discussion, RSP's N K Premachandran raise the point of order on an issue related to the Bill which is dependent upon another Bill. "Surrogacy bill is pending in the Upper House, that has not been passed. How can this House pass a law depending upon another law... My point is that this bill cannot be taken into consideration, this Bill cannot be discussed," he said.
Responding to this, Mandaviya said that the Surrogacy Bill was passed in the Lok Sabha and now it is in the Rajya Sabha, and immediately after that "we brought this ART bill" and both the bills would now be taken up in the Upper House together. However, several opposition MPs expressed their disapproval with the explanation.