FMCG major Ruchi Soya Industries, which has seen a dream run in the stock market since its relisting in January fell by 5% on Monday after the company reported weak earnings. The company‚Äôs shares of the company have surged a whopping 8,800% in the past five months.
The stock opened for trading again in January after Patanjali Ayurved acquired it for Rs 4,350 crore last year through a corporate insolvency resolution process.
On Friday, it reported a net loss of Rs 41.25 crore for the January-March quarter, as against a profit of Rs 32.11 crore in the same period a year ago. Its total income saw a mere 1.01% increase year-om-year at Rs 3,209.02 crore in Q4.
On January 27, the day it was relisted it closed at Rs 16.90 and on Friday it closed at its all-time high of Rs 1,507.30 a scrip.
Its market capitalisation has surged to Rs 44,592.11 crore, making it feature among the top 100 most valued companies in India in terms of market capitalisation. Its market cap surpassed that of another FMCG major Marico Ltd, whose market capitalisation stood at Rs 44,495.88 crore. This is an increase from Rs 500 crore at the time of relisting.
Since its resolution and relisting, investors have been very bullish on the stock and those investors who did not bet on the restructured company's shares during the relisting are repenting now.
Assigning a 'stable' rating outlook for its bank loan facilities last month, Brickwork Ratings had said that Ruchi Soya's liquidity position remains adequate, considering the absence of fixed debt obligations during FY21, a low average collection period and the availability of unencumbered liquid 1 assets of over Rs 380 crore for meeting its required working capital needs.
"The management also plans to raise funds through a public offering of shares after the completion of the one-year lock-in period as per the SEBI guidelines. Furthermore, additional liquidity can be raised by the company by hiving off of its non-core assets and divesting a stake in subsidiaries as and when required," it said.
Brickwork said that it believes the company's business risk profile will be maintained over the medium term.
The ‚Äėstable' outlook indicates a low likelihood of a rating change over the medium term. The rating outlook may be revised to 'positive' in case the company improves its profitability margins amid raw material price fluctuations and foreign exchange fluctuation risks and scale-up its operations, along with diversifying its existing product portfolio over the medium term.
"However, the rating outlook may be revised to Negative in case the company reports lower operating profit levels as projected and fails to improve its gearing over the medium term," it had said.
According to the resolution approved by the National Company Law Tribunal, the outside liabilities of the company have been reduced by over 65 per cent and funds of over Rs 1,100 crore infused by Patanjali, resulting in a significant improvement in its capital structure.
The consortium of lenders has also sanctioned working capital limits of Rs 800 crore and term loans for its operations.
Analysts show caution
As on March 31, 2020, promoter shareholding in the company stood at 99.03 per cent. Public shareholders held 0.97 per cent holding, of which, individual shareholders held 0.82 per cent stake, the shareholding pattern data shows.
Market analysts, however, have raised concerns that with low public shareholding the share price is not reflecting its actual value.
Only after Patanjali, the promoter, lowers its stake, the stock will reflect its true value, experts said.
Rahul Sharma, Research Head at Equity99 Advisors, said: "Ruchi Soya is one of those companies who has a good hold on the base product line, and great promoter background, but if you are looking for judgement over buying or selling, I would rather opt to avoid on both sides, many reasons are attached to it, such as public holding in Ruchi Soya very much low at 0.97% and post restructuring, the face value has also shifted to Rs 2.
He said that there is no technical decision or fundamental analysis as the company has no background post restructuring. "All these figures or charts are just handsome in presence, not from inside. It's just better to avoid," Sharma added.
Some analysts told ET that market regulator SEBI should probe the company about it meeting the minimum public shareholding norms of 25%.
Arun Kejriwal, Director at Mumbai-based investment advisory firm said that as a shareholder, investors suffered huge loss, as 100 shares were considered as 1 at the time of relisting. ‚ÄúSebi should investigate why promoters are holding 99 per cent stake even after five months of relisting,‚ÄĚ ET quotes him as saying.
Market analyst Ambareesh Baliga told ET that SEBI should investigate and identify who the buyers are and why they are acquiring these shares.