news Sunday, October 26, 2014 - 05:30
The News Minute | October 26, 2014  | 7.01 pm IST Around  10 percent of Rajasthan’s population migrates seasonally in search of work. The majority of these belong to the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, a new study has found.  According to a report in The Hindu, the study “Their own country: a profile of labour migration from Rajasthan” also found that half the migrant population joins the construction, transportation and the mining sectors with nearly one third of them doing hard labour as they are illiterate.  The study also shows that 4.38 million households send out 5.79 million people to other states looking for employment. There are also high levels of intra-State migration with Jaipur and Jodhpur being the popular work destinations within the state. An analysis of 38,828 households from 10 districts spread across five National Sample Survey regions reveals that 46.26 percent of the total rural households have a member or more migrating for work. Barmer and Jodhpur in the western region are those that send the largest number of migrants, followed by Dungarpur and Udaipur, from Mewar and Vagad regions, in south Rajasthan. Gujarat, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh are the top three destinations, collectively accounting for 83 per cent of the migration.  The report which is supported by the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust and brought out by the Centre for Migration and Labour Solutions of Aajeevika Bureau, says that the migration results in new issues. The rural women in Rajasthan face a lot of challenges as the male population migrating causes the need for them to cope with problems like exclusion, isolation, insecurity and lack of access to government facilities because of low literacy, awareness levels and procedural hassles. The report suggested that a Rajasthan migrant and unorganized labour protection and welfare authority be set up and an inter-state task force comprising of representatives from Rajasthan and the states to which these people migrate be formed.
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