news Friday, May 01, 2015 - 05:30
Today, May 1, is celebrated as Labour Day. It basically arose out of the eight-hour day movement, which advocated eight hours for work, eight hours for recreation, and eight hours for rest. In India, this rule is hardly followed with rampant abuse, discrimination and exploitation of labourers. Here are four labour related statistics which India should work on improving going forward: 1.India- World’s Slave Capital: There are an estimated 35.8 million slaves in the world, out of which, India accounts for 14.2 million (40%) which is the highest in the world. These are mainly involved in forced slavery – prostitution, sexual exploitation and forced marriage, according to the 2014 Global Slavery Index by the Walk Free Foundation.  Therefore, India is the world’s slave capital. 2. Child Labourers in India: Even though the number of child labourers declined  by 60 % from 12.6 million in 2001 to 4.9 million in 2011 but still the highest in the world. Within India, Uttar Pradesh tops the list at 1.7 million, followed by West Bengal at 0.55 million and Rajasthan at 0.4 million, as per the National Sample Survey Organisation for 2009-2010. 3. Human Trafficking:  The number of registered human trafficking cases has increased by 38.3% over five years from 2,848 in 2009 to 3,940 in 2013. The conviction rate for such cases has declined 45%, from 1,279 in 2009 to 702 in 2013, as per data from National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB). A child goes missing in India every eight minutes as per government statistics. 4. Lowest Female Workforce Participation:  India has the lowest female participation rate amongst major economies, with only 29% of women over the age of 15 working.  The participation rate is 60% in Brazil, 63% in China, 56% in Russia and 45% in South Africa, according to the World Bank. Even Somalia at 37% and Sudan at 31% are ahead of India.