Features Wednesday, September 24, 2014 - 05:30
The News Minute| September 23, 2014| 10.30 pm IST  | Updated Sept 24, 2014 As ISRO created history with its Mars mission Mangalyaan, a lot of attention has been given to how this mission was a low-cost one. The size of a Nano car, the satellite on the Mars mission was built in record time by ISRO. "The Hollywood movie Gravity cost more than our Mars mission - this is a great achievement," PM Modi said.  In comparison to NASA’s Maven or Europe’s Orbiter, Mangalyaan has indeed been executed on a shoe string budget. NASA's Maven- Cost- $ 671 million dollars Launched on November 18, 2013. Arrived in Mars orbit on September 21 2014. European Space Agency's Mars Express Orbiter. Cost- $ 386 million Launched in June 2003. Arrived in Mars orbit in December 2003  Japan's Nozomi. Cost- $ 189 million Launched in July 1998. Failed to enter orbit on December 9 2003 as it ran out of fuel and was lost. Russian federal space agency's Phobos grunt with Yinghuo-1, a Chinese Mars-exploration space probe. Cost- $117 million Launched in November 2011. Failed to leave the earth. Fobos-Grunt was expected to perform two burns to depart Earth orbit bound for Mars. However, these burns did not take place, leaving both probes stranded in orbit. On 17 November 2011, Chinese state media reported that Yinghuo-1 had been declared lost by the CNSA.  Indian Space Research Organisation's Mangalyaan. Cost- $67 million Launched on November 5 2013, slated to enter Mars' orbit on September 24, 2014
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