The Court also ruled that the marriage of a Muslim man to a Hindu woman was "irregular".

Child of marriage between Muslim man Hindu wife has claim over fathers property SC
news Law Wednesday, January 23, 2019 - 08:46

In hearing the property rights case of the child of a Kerala couple called Mohammed and Valliamma, the Supreme Court on Tuesday said that although the marriage between a Muslim man and Hindu woman is an “irregular” marriage, which is described as "fasid" in Islamic law, the children born out this wedlock are in fact legitimate and therefore do have claim over the property of the father.

"The marriage of a Muslim man with an idolater or fire­worshipper is neither a valid (sahih) nor a void (batil) marriage, but is merely an irregular (fasid) marriage. Any child born out of such wedlock (fasid marriage) is entitled to claim a share in his father's property," observed the bench of Justice N.V. Ramana and Justice Mohan M. Shantanagoudar in their judgment.

Upholding an order of the trial court and that of the Kerala High Court, Justice Shantanagoudar speaking for the bench said: "It would not be out of place to emphasise at this juncture that since Hindus are idol worshippers, which includes worship of physical images/ statues through offering of flowers, adornment, etc., it is clear that the marriage of a Hindu female with a Muslim male is not a regular or valid (sahih) marriage, but merely an irregular (fasid) marriage."

The top court said this upholding the plea by Mohammed Salim, who was born to Mohammed Ilias and Valliamma. The court described him as their legitimate child. 

Having held that a child born out of Hindu mother and Muslim father is legitimate and has claim over the property of father, the court also said: "The position that a marriage between a Hindu woman and Muslim man is merely irregular and the issue from such wedlock is legitimate has also been affirmed by various high courts."

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